Elizabeth I, Assistance Given to the United Provinces, 1585Elizabeth signed the Treaty of Nonsuch in 1585 with protestant Dutch rebels. Philip II of Spain had signed a similar act the previous year with the Catholic League of France to prevent the rise of Protestantism in France. Elizabeth’s treaty granted her the right to appoint two councillors to the council of the state of the United Provinces and she supplied 6,400 foot soldiers and 1,000 cavalry with an annual subsidy of 600,000 florins to support the revolt. Philip saw this as an open declaration of war against his territories.